Cleopatra or Cleopatra VII Philopator was the last pharaoh and Greek queen of Egypt. She belonged to the Ptolemaic dynasty which was a royal family that ruled Egypt following the death of Alexander the great. The Ptolemies spoke Greek language and never leaned Egyptian. However, Cleopatra was the one to learn Egyptian and she also represented herself as Egyptian goddess Isis’ reincarnation.
Cleopatra ruled along with her father and in later life with her brothers. According to the Egyptian customs, she married her brothers but afterwards she was the sole ruler. Her other two spouses were Julius Caesar and Mark Anthony. Of course even today, she is a prominent name and a famous figure whose legacy survived in many art works. To this day, dramatization of Cleopatra’s story is seen in literature as well as other media. Shakespeare’s tragedy and Jules Massenet’s opera along with a full-length film called Cleopatra state her popularity in western culture.
The ancient Roman sources state that Cleopatra killed herself using Egyptian Cobra. The two theories state that either she was bitten or that she applied the poison in some ointment form. However, new theories kept coming and rejecting the old ones. Till date, the actual reason of her death is unknown, while the former ones holding the grip. In 2010, a historian challenged these theories and said that the queen did not commit suicide but was poisoned. Christoph Schaefer stated that she died due to a mixture of poisons that she drank. Still, the real mystery remains unsolved.